Plantar Fasciitis

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Plantar Fasciitis

Pain in the foot. Massage of female feet. Pedicures. Isolated on white background.

Plantar Fasciitis

 

This month is about the painful condition known as plantar fasciitis, which affects many people, specifically runners, pregnant women and people who spend a long time on their feet.

 

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

 The plantar fascia is a band of soft tissue made up of tendons, running on the underside of the foot, which inserts into the heel. With trauma, or excess strain, the plantar fascia becomes inflamed and thickens, causing severe pain into the heel and inside arch of the foot.

 Symptoms usually worsen with time that it is left untreated. It is most noticeable on waking, after prolonged periods of rest, when the tendons have relaxed and shortened, followed by putting your weight to the ground and stretching the tendons. It is usually felt as a sharp pain, or a burning pain, which eases with warmth and movement, but can worsen over time, with morning symptoms becoming more severe.

 

 What causes Plantar Fasciitis?

 

  1. Wearing unsupportive shoes.
  2. Increasing weight-bearing activity too quickly.
  3. Putting on increased weight. This condition is very common in pregnant women.
  4. If you suffer with flat feet
  5. If you have tight Achilles and calf muscles.
  6. Spending a lot of time on your feet, for example it is common in Police officers.

 

 How can Plantar Fasciitis be treated?

 If you identify the problem early enough, it is important not to ignore the symptoms, as they can worsen over time and it can become much harder to treat further down the line.

 

Early treatment includes:

 

  1. Massaging the area
  2. Stretching the muscles of the underside of the foot
  3. Using icepacks
  4. Using anti-inflammatory gels
  5. Using sports taping
  6. Adding support to your footwear, for example an orthotic or changing footwear

 

 

If you have been suffering with this condition for more than 2 weeks or if your symptoms worsen or do not improve from following the above steps you should see a physiotherapist.

 

Treatment would include:

 

  1. Deep tissue massage
  2. Myofascial release
  3. Ultrasound
  4. Possible acupuncture
  5. Prescribed exercises

 

In worse case scenarios, a specialist can administer a cortico-steroid injection, which can be extremely effective at reducing pain and helping overcome this condition. After, it is still important to identify factors that could cause this condition, so that this injury can be avoided in future.

 

If you think you may be suffering from Plantar Fasciitis, and would like to discuss how Physiotherapy could help you, please feel free to contact me on 01273 467614 or at info@louisjonesphysio.co.uk.